Monday, 7 January 2013

Georg Friedrich Knapp


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Georg Friedrich Knapp
BornMarch 7, 1842
Gießen, Germany
DiedFebruary 20, 1926
Darmstadt, Germany
InstitutionUniversity of Strasbourg
FieldMonetary economics, statistics
InfluencedLadislaus Bortkiewicz (Dr. phil. habil. 1895) (doctoral student), Kurt Singer (doctoral student)
Georg Friedrich Knapp (German: [knap]; March 7, 1842 – February 20, 1926) was a German economist and founder of the chartalist school of monetary theory, which takes the statist stance on money, claiming that it must have no intrinsic value and strictly be used as governmentally-issued token, i.e., fiat money.


[edit] Biography

He studied in Munich, Berlin and Göttingen, and in 1867 became director of the Statistical Bureau of Leipzig. Two years later, he was appointed assistant professor of economics and statistics in the University of Leipzig.[1] In 1874, he was appointed a professor of political economy at the University of Strasbourg, where he remained until to 1918. He was also rector at Strasbourg in the years 1891–92 and 1907–08.[2]

[edit] Works

His earlier writings deal chiefly with population and agricultural topics.
  • Ueber die Ermittelung der Sterblichkeit (“On the ascertainment of mortality,” 1868)
  • Die Sterblichkeit der Sachsen (“Mortality in Saxony,” 1869)
  • Theorie des Bevölkerungswechsels (“The theory of population fluctuations,” 1874)
  • Die Bauernbefreiung und der Ursprung der Landarbeiter in den älteren Teilen Preussens (“The liberation of peasants and the origins of the agriculturalist in the older parts of Prussia, ”1887)
  • Die Landarbeiter in Knechtschaft und Freiheit (“The farmer in serfdom and freedom,” 1891)
  • Grundherrschaft und Rittergut (“Land ownership and seignorial lands,” 1897)
  • Staatliche Theorie des Geldes (“The State Theory of Money”), München u. Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, 1921. 3rd edition. English edition of 1924 in PDF format
In 1886 he founded the periodical Abhandlungen aus dem staatswissenschaftlichen Seminar zu Strassburg.

[edit] Family

Knapp was the father of Elly Heuss-Knapp. He raised his two daughters alone, uncommon at the time, after their Georgian-born mother, Knapp's wife, became mentally ill.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

[edit] External links

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